help in philosophy ethics

 

Write complete, concise answers to the following questions.   Your answers should be a paragraph consisting of several sentences.    

1.  What are the roles of reason and impartiality in moral theory?   Why are they important?

2.  What is the basic premise of the Utilitarian Moral Theory? 

3.  What was the biggest weakness with “Act based” Utilitarianism? 

4.  Explain how “Rule based” Utilitarianism differs from “Act based” Utilitarianism. 

5.  The author describes “multi-strategies” Utilitarianism in the last chapter.  How does this version of Utilitarianism differ from previous formulations of the theory?

6.  Explain Kant’s Categorical Imperative, “Act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should become a universal law.”

7   Kant’s Second Formulation states, “Act so that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in that of another, always as an end and never as a means only.”  Explain what he meant by this.

8.  What was the biggest difficulty Kant ran into with his moral theory?

9.  What area of moral thought did the Feminist Philosophers feel was missing in “duty based” or “right action” moral theories?

10.  How is the focus of Virtue Theory different from the “Right Action” theories of many modern philosophers?